2 edition of Potential for Forage Legumes on Land in West Africa found in the catalog.
Potential for Forage Legumes on Land in West Africa
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
December 1996 by Food & Agriculture Org .
Written in English
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||108|
In the s the herders were settled and collectivized; this stopped transhumant movement between different ecological zones. Cattle are raised in agricultural zones and in the mountains, and yak are locally important in Kyrgyzstan. The promotion of neglected and underutilized species NUS African legumes adapted to rainfed and drought conditions will contribute not only to the diversity of cropping systems but also to decrease food insecurity. However, growth performance was unsatisfactory because a lysine deficiency was not corrected Magouze et al. In cattle rearing, legume trees such as Gliricidia sepium can be planted along edges of field to provide shade for cattle, the leaves and bark are often eaten by cattle. Alternative recommendation has been integration of forage legumes through intercropping.
The high-mountains belt yaylau is the zone of summer pastures. Pages in Livestock and sustainable nutrient cycling in mixed farming systems of subSaharan Africa Volume The typical physiognomy of the Flooding Pampa is extended, treeless grasslands except where trees are planted and its community is dominated by Paspalum dilatatum Plates Recently, transhumance has been greatly reduced: much of the steppe has been cleared for rainfed cereal growing of doubtful sustainability, even down to the mm isohyet in some cases; this clearing was officially encouraged and those who "developed" the steppe by clearing gained title to their holding. Because the N retention, as a percentage of N intake, was higher when cowpeas were offered at a low level, it may increase efficiency to offer smaller quantities over an increased period, especially where resources are limited Koralagama et al. The demise of the fire climax led to an increased scarcity of forage through increased grazing and increased growth of unpalatable, woody species.
Forage[ edit ] White clovera forage crop Forage legumes are of two broad types. Peanut is now a major crop, widely distributed throughout tropical, subtropical, and warm temperate areas in Asia, Africa, Oceania, North and South America, and Europe Freeman et al. The main extensive grazing areas are in the northwest, mid-west and south. In India, cowpea hay was fed ad libitum to lambs supplemented with barley grain Singh et al. Poultry The high fibre content of cowpea forage limits its value for poultry feeding. Feed resources are diverse depending on weather and environmental conditions in different agro-ecological zones.
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In order for broadcast seeding to be successful, the existing sod must be grazed or mowed short so you can see your shoe soles when standing on it. Nevertheless, maize mixed is one of the farming systems that has a good long-term agricultural growth prospects with high potential for poverty reduction [ 14 ], which is reflected in East African lowest annual percentage of prevalence of severe Potential for Forage Legumes on Land in West Africa book insecurity Figure 5A.
Tunisia shows a similar pattern of disappearing transhumance. Proteins soluble in acid detergent are more slowly degraded in the rumen than proteins soluble in buffer solutions. In agricultural statistics Lablab, jack, or sword bean Canavalia spp.
Stock-rearing is sedentary, with some migration away from cropland in the growing season. Green manure can also be grown between periods when crops of economic importance are harvested prior to the next crops to be planted. However, excellent silage can be made by harvesting a mixed crop of cowpea and forage sorghum, millet or maize Cook et al.
Language: Pasture and Forage Crops A wide variety of plants can be used as pasture and forage crops in the tropics. For that, farmers may have to respond by increasing the system resilience, diversification, and risk management [ 36 ].
The effectiveness of the inclusion of peanut haulms in rabbit diets depends mainly on their quality, including leaf:stem ratio, drying conditions and contamination with aflatoxins. These include Andropogon selloanus, A. Materials and Methods Study area The study was conducted in different agro-ecological zones of eastern zone of Tanzania for three years from to Synergies between crops and livestock offer various opportunities for raising productivity and increasing efficiency of resources, thus increasing household incomes and securing availability and access to food [ 36 ].
Endeavours to supplement basal diets with protein sources to improve ruminant production are a prerequisite. The best feeding value was obtained in stands where cowpeas were intercropped with maize. Cowpea can also be grown with Sudan grass for hay.
Like other legume hays, peanut forage is subject to leaf shattering, which increases the proportion of stems and diminishes its nutritional value Myer et al.
When the war came, supply routes were disrupted, which encouraged the soybean culture in the US. The crop is grown mainly in semi-arid regions. Dried cowpea leaves have a high carotenoid content and, therefore, cowpea leaf meal could potentially be used in laying hen feeds Potential for Forage Legumes on Land in West Africa book increase yolk coloration Nielsen et al.
The population live in "a cattle civilization".Well adapted and highly productive grain, forage, and green manure legume species are available for the West African moist savanna agroecological zone (AEZ).
Annual yields of up to 13 Mg ha −1 dry biomass and more than kg of fixed N ha −1 have been reported. Different legume types vary in terms of their potential contribution to soil. Research undertaken in Africa demonstrates that intercropping forage legumes with cereals improves land intensification due to improvement in overall yield and soil fertility.
In West Africa, peanut haulms are extensively fed to ruminants, especially in the dry season. Smallholder crop-livestock farmers consider forage and seed value with equal weightings. In the subhumid zone of West Africa, farmers prefer late-maturing cultivars to early-maturing types as the former provide more forage for livestock.Journal Pdf In the process of developing an improved fallow system based on forage legumes, the potential interest of crop-livestock farmers in enhancing soil fertility restoration and dry-season feed supply was assessed during a socio-economic study on 11 farms of settled agro-pastoralists in the subhumid zone of West Africa.Nearly 50 yr later Elbasha et al.
() reported on a survey of the levels of use of ‘forage download pdf technology’ in 16 West African countries. 8 From this exercise they concluded that s smallholders were growing legumes on 19, ha. To put this into perspective, this level of adoption is equivalent to approximately % of the ‘total economically active population in Cited by: Potential for Forage Ebook on Land in West Africa.
Land Productivity Assessment of Legumes for Crop-Livestock Systems.
World Soil Resources Reports Publisher: Rome.: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Publication year: Notes: Library holding:XF show all notes.